Reed Write Handwriting & Document Examiner Wed, 03 Jan 2018 20:43:28 +0000 en-US hourly 1 International Left-Handers Day is August 13 Tue, 09 Aug 2016 20:30:10 +0000 On 13th August 1992 the Left-Handers Club launched International Left-Handers Day, an annual event when left-handers everywhere can celebrate their sinistrality and increase public awareness of the advantages and disadvantages of being left-handed. This event is now celebrated worldwide, and in the U.K. alone there have been more than 20 regional events to mark the day in recent years – including left-v-right sports matches, a left-handed tea party, pubs using left-handed corkscrews where patrons drank and played pub games with the left hand only, and nationwide “Lefty Zones” where left-handers creativity, adaptability and sporting prowess were celebrated, whilst right-handers were encouraged to try out everyday left-handed objects to see just how awkward it can feel using the wrong equipment, since they’re many equipment for left-handed, there are even gaming companies as Armchair Empire that made mouses perfect for both handed, so everyone can enjoy playing.

Throughout history the left hand has always been treated as inferior, sinister or evil. The word sinister is, in fact, Latin for left, but somehow the wrong connotation has been put upon it and even today there are people who regard left handedness as being wrong.

Right from the earliest civilizations the ancients may have been correct in their original perceptions regarding handedness but were, by modem terms, scientifically and psychologically quite unaware why. Because the left hand has always been associated with evil, wrong doing, bad luck and so on, so has the right hand been naturally assumed the more dominant and better favored.

This is frequently emphasized in the various Holy Scriptures in many different religions all over the world. The bible contains many references to left and right hands, always illustrating the right with might and good, the left with deceit and weakness.

Roughly 10 percent of the population is left-handed a fact which seems to be relatively constant over time. This goes back to studies of cave paintings, looking at which hands hunters are using to hold their spears, and to archaeological analyses of ancient artifacts.

But the riddle of what underlies handedness remains. “This is really still mysterious,” said Clyde Francks, a geneticist and the lead author of a 2007 study in which Oxford University researchers identified a genetic variant linked to left-handedness. (

Hand dominance (whether left or right) is related to brain asymmetry. And that, Francks said, “is not at all understood; we’re really at the very beginning of understanding what makes the brain asymmetrical.” Though brain asymmetries exist in our closest primate relatives, there seems to be general consensus that the human brain is more profoundly asymmetric, and that understanding that asymmetry will show us much about who we are and how our brains work.

Brain lateralization, the distribution of function into right and left hemispheres, is crucial for understanding language, thought memory and perhaps even creativity. For many years, handedness has been seen as an external clue to the balance in the brain between left and right.

For right-handed people, language activity is predominantly on the left side. Many left-handers also have left-side language dominance, but a significant number have language either more evenly distributed in both hemispheres or else predominantly on the right side of the brain.

Handedness clearly runs in families. The 2007 paper by the group at Oxford identified a gene, LRRTM1, that they discovered in the course of studying children with dyslexia, and which turned out to be associated with the development of left-handedness.

Over the centuries, left-handers have been accused of criminality and dealings with the devil, and left-handed children have been subjected to “re-education.” In recent years the stigma has largely vanished. Among other things, four of our last seven presidents — Ford, the elder Bush, Clinton, and Obama — have been left-handed. Reagan is sometimes cited as ambidextrous.

Left-handedness has sometimes been treated as pathological. Cesare Lombroso, the infamous 19th-century physician who identified various facial and racial features with criminal traits, also saw left-handedness as evidence of pathology, primitivism, savagery, and criminality.

There are numerous reports that left-handed children who were forced to write with their right hand are able to form the letters, but often have trouble learning to hold the pencil correctly in that hand. The English King George VI was naturally left-handed and efforts to make him right handed during his childhood allegedly made him stammer, a problem he never quite conquered. In contrast, his grandson Charles, the present Prince of Wales, who is also a natural left-hander, did not have to contend with these restrictions although he created a few problems for himself when he broke his left arm during a polo match. He was forced to learn to use his right hand until his arm healed sufficiently for full use.

Contrary to popular belief, most left-handers do not write backhand, but slant their handwriting to the right. However, many of them write horizontal strokes like t-crosses from right to left and some form terminal strokes that pull leftward.

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Obama Birth Certificate Wed, 03 Aug 2016 21:51:22 +0000 The Obama Certificate of Live Birth:
Findings, Opinions & Misconceptions

The following serves to clarify my involvement in the Obama birth certificate saga.  This is also meant to dispel misconceptions (and in some instances, outright untruths) that are circulating regarding my work and opinions with respect to the birth certificate.

Decision to Examine the Obama Certificate of Live Birth

First, I am not a “birther” intent on President Obama’s impeachment.  In fact, I’m an Obama supporter.  I voted for him twice and, if I had the chance, would vote for him again.

In the past I have been approached numerous times to review the birth certificate issue. I always refused, given my political leanings and the resulting potential for reaching biased opinions about the matter.  I finally agreed when Michael Zullo of the Maricopa County Arizona Sheriff’s Office Cold Case Posse contacted me in November 2012, reminding myself that as a handwriting and document examiner my duty is to allow whatever documentation I’m examining to speak for itself and that I am not an advocate for either side or any party.  It might be likened to an attorney who defends a murder suspect but who does not condone murder.  As with any case that I work, I have made a concerted effort to lay personal bias aside and work toward the most objective opinions regarding the Obama birth certificate matter.

Mr. Zullo asked that I examine the PDF version of the Obama “Certificate of Live Birth” (COLB) allegedly released by the White House and posted on the White House website in April 2011.  He requested that I determine if the PDF is likely a color scan of an actual certificate or, on the contrary, if it bears any evidence of tampering, alteration, manipulation, or computerized manufacture.  Essentially, Mr. Zullo’s question was whether it is possible the COLB is a forgery.

Mr. Zullo is the legal owner of the extensive report I produced as a result of my examination.  Consequently, I cannot divulge my complete findings here, other than to say the document I examined has a number of anomalies that render it suspicious as to authenticity.  I suggest that anyone seeking details about my examination and findings contact Mr. Zullo.  Please do not contact me directly as I can give no more information than what is stated here.

I can say this: My observations, findings, comments and/or opinions regarding the birth certificate are based solely on the PDF file Mr. Zullo provided for my examination and analysis.  I was informed the COLB I reviewed is the exact document released by the White House, and I performed my examination under the assumption that it is.  However, I have no firsthand knowledge that it is in fact the actual document obtained from the State of Hawaii Department of Health or if it is a true and accurate representation thereof.  Absent the Department of Health’s willingness to allow an examination of the original, there is no way to prove if the document I examined is a proper duplicate of same.

Under normal circumstances, document examiners who are investigating allegedly altered material work only with original documentation.  In cases where official documents are in question, other similar official documents of the same time period are required for examination and comparison.  Any statements of opinion that I have given are therefore contingent upon examination of the original paper document allegedly in the hands of the State of Hawaii Department of Health.

In short, my examination does not prove that President Obama’s valid Certificate of Live Birth does or does not exist at the State of Hawaii Department of Health.  If the certificate is in fact at the Department of Health, my examination still does not prove that that document is valid.  Again, I have not examined the original and can therefore not be certain as to the authenticity of the COLB.

As stated in my report to Mr. Zullo, the COLB that I examined has so many blatant oddities that it makes me wonder if this particular PDF may have been created in an effort to impeach President Obama.  Surely the creator of the document (if it is in fact manufactured and not just a color scan) would have been sufficiently familiar with image editing programs so as to not leave such numerous, noticeable discrepancies in the final product, unless it was intended as an impeachment tool.  Familiarity with basic scanning techniques and image editing procedures should have precluded such obvious “mistakes.”

Myths and Misconceptions (Do Not Believe What You Read or Hear)

I am not, nor have I ever claimed to be, “the nation’s foremost document examiner” as some are touting.  There are many other professional document examiners who are excellent at their craft and who could have done outstanding work on this matter if they had so chosen.

I have never stated in any of my cases that I am “100 percent certain” of anything.  Some have indicated that my report to Mr. Zullo concludes with the statement that “I have never seen a document that is so seriously questionable in so many respects” and “the birth certificate posted on the Whitehouse website on April 27, 2011 is entirely fabricated.”  However, as stated previously and also clarified in my report, I have no knowledge if in fact that document represents the birth certificate in possession of the State of Hawaii.  My report also makes it clear that I suspect the document released by the White House may be a fabricated document intended to bring down President Obama. 

Some have erroneously publicized that I work for the Perkins Coie law firm in Seattle.  Others have stated that I have been retained by attorneys at Perkins Coie to render testimony.  Still others claim that I am an expert witness for the firm.  Perkins Coie appears on my list of clients because I worked one (count them—one) questioned handwriting case for the firm in the early ‘90s.  The matter settled out of court and I did not render testimony at deposition, hearing, or trial.  I am not an expert witness for Perkins Coie nor am I associated with them in any way aside from that lone case from years ago.  It amazes me how people can make something out of nothing in order to lend support to their agenda.

There are lies swirling around that my former partner, who passed away in 2001, was an attorney for the ACLU.  He was not!  This misconception has caused some to leap to the conclusion that I am “a registered Democrat” because of association with an ACLU employee.  I am not!  Again, erroneous assumptions based on inaccurate information.

Some have accused me of being unpatriotic because of my involvement with the birth certificate saga.  Others are calling me courageous and patriotic.  In fact, I have worked on this matter without prejudice and in an effort to arrive at the truth.  I have little respect for those with narrow views who have pigeon-holed me or my findings and fabricated information about my personal and professional life in order to promote their own political agendas.

In short, there are indications that the Obama Certificate of Live Birth released by the White House in April 2011 may be a manufactured document or perhaps even an outright forgery.  But without examining the original document housed at the Hawaii Department of Health, there can be no absolute certainty.

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Did You Know? Mon, 01 Aug 2016 23:21:28 +0000
  • Not only did Leonardo da Vinci write from right to left (mirror writing) with his left hand, but he also started from the last page in the Oriental manner. Some scholars believe that he even positioned his manuscripts upside-down. His manuscripts were filled with his sketches, usually drawn in red crayon. Da Vinci’s correspondence was written with his right hand and moved from left to right like handwriting typical of his day.
    • Because people are not machines, no one is capable of duplicating exactly his or her signature from one sitting to the next. There are always natural variations within one’s writing which help to prove authenticity. When two signtures are identical, only one of them is original and the other must be a copy.
    • Writer’s cramp is a symptom attributed to fatigue of one’s nervous system. Although the muscle contracts and causes pain, there is no actual abnormality in the muscle.
    • The exclamation mark was once known as the “note of admiration.” Originally, this mark was Io, the Latin exclamation of joy, written as I with a small circle beneath. Since then, the form of the I has become obscured and the circle simplified to a dot.
    • The first bound books were produced, and quill pens were introduced, sometime around 600 AD.
    • When Thoth, the Egyptian god of learning, gave writing to the ancient Egyptians, he deliberately made the system difficult and obscure in order to confine literacy to a small caste of priests who had to prove their dedication by devoting long hours of study to their craft.
    • Gothic lettering first appeared about 1100. Gothic lettering is characterized by flourishes, hairlines and hooks.
    • The earliest known watermark is dated 1282.
    • The modern steel nibbed pen was invented in 1820.
    • In 1939 Biro obtained a French patent on the ball-point pen. Biro began manufacture of ball-points in Argentina about 1943. The first large-scale commercial sale of ball-points in the U.S. occurred about 1945.
    • Pentell introduced a fiber or porous tip pen in Japan about 1962.
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